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The 'dirty secret' of British arms sales to Libya just months before Gaddafi slaughtered pro-democracy protesters

Daily Mail
5th April 2011
Ian Drury
Britain sold weapons to Libya and other dictatorships in North Africa and the Middle East just four months before Colonel Gaddafi's regime slaughtered hundreds of protesters, a damning report reveals today.
Ministers approved the export of sniper rifles, bullets, tear gas and other 'crowd control' ammunition to Tripoli shortly before the murderous dictator ordered his military to crush a pro-democracy uprising.
The highly critical report by MPs laid bare the 'dirty secret' of Britain selling arms to some of the world's most brutal regimes. Successive British governments have 'misjudged the risk', the Commons' Committee on Arms Export Controls said.
The report follows mounting fears Gaddafi used UK-made arms against the rebel uprising in Libya. More than 1,000 Libyan citizens have been killed since his violent crackdown was launched. Official figures show that since 2009, Britain approved export licences worth 2.3billion to 16 states over a 21-month period.
Military export licenses to Libya alone since the start of 2009 totalled 61.3million, according to Department for Business figures.
The UK also awarded Bahrain 6million of licences covering submachine guns, sniper rifles, CS hand grenades, smoke canisters, stun grenades and riot control agents. At least 26 citizens have been killed and 1,000 injured as the Gulf state cracked down on freedom campaigners.
Britain also approved arms licenses totalling 1.7billion to Saudi Arabia, 20.4million to Egypt, 276.9million to Algeria and 52.8million to the United Arab Emirates.
Body armour and night vision goggles have been approved for Yemen, small arms ammunition for Syria, and sniper rifles, aircraft components and armoured personnel carriers for Saudi Arabia.
MPs on the cross-party committee admitted the Coalition government had been 'vigorously backpedalling' to revoke 156 arms export licences to the region since the 'Arab Spring' of uprisings began.
But they raised concerns about sales of arms in the first place by Gordon Brown and David Cameron to authoritarian regimes, in deals which are at odds with Britain's stance on upholding human rights.
The report concluded: 'Both the present Government and its predecessor misjudged the risk that arms approved for export to certain countries in North Africa and the Middle East might be used for internal repression.
'We recommend the Government sets out how it intends to reconcile the potential conflict of interest between increased emphasis on promoting arms exports with the staunch upholding of human rights.'
Sir John Stanley, the committee's Tory chairman, said the hasty withdrawal of so many export licences after several regimes brutally turned their guns on protesters 'reflected the degree of policy misjudgement that has occurred'.
Ministers have ordered a sweeping review into the issuing of arms export licences.
Kaye Stearman, of Campaign Against Arms Trade, said: 'This is a damning report that shines light on the dirty secret of Britain's arms exports to authoritarian, undemocratic and abusive regimes. This should be a wake-up call to the Government.'
Oliver Sprague, Amnesty International's UK arms programme director, said: 'Plainly decisions made in the past on arms sales to the Middle East and North Africa have been wrong.'
Labour ministers were said to have approved the sale of the crowd control weapons to Gaddafi while negotiations were under way over the fate of the Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset Al Megrahi.
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| Ander Nieuws week 16 / Midden-Oosten 2011 |