| Ander Nieuws week 42 / Midden-Oosten 2011 |
Legacy of decade at war: 1 million jobless vets

There's a growing sense in the U.S. Capitol that the private sector will have to do much more to help Congress ease chronically high unemployment among veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.
McClatchy Newspapers
October 7, 2011
Rob Hotakainen
Democrats and Republicans rarely agree on anything in Washington, but there's a growing bipartisan sense that the private sector will have to do much more to help ease chronically high unemployment among veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.
In August, President Obama called on businesses to hire or train 100,000 unemployed veterans by the end of 2013. Microsoft answered that challenge with a pledge to train 10,000 of them.
Now, as part of his $447 billion jobs package, Obama wants Congress to approve a plan that would provide businesses with a tax credit of $2,400 to $9,600 for each veteran they hire, the amount depending on whether they're disabled and how long they've been unemployed.
A million veterans already are unemployed, and more than a million are expected to leave the military by 2016. Julius Clemente, 33, an Iraq veteran from Kirkland, told a congressional panel Thursday there will be "systematic chaos" if more can't find jobs or get help going to college.
"The path we now face from the military to college - life is more complicated and challenging than what I thought," Clemente told lawmakers.
Congress appears eager to respond, though there's no consensus on a specific plan.
At a meeting of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee, Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., the chairwoman, called veterans "the most employable group of people in the world."
"They know how to show up for work for time, they've got tremendous skills, and they have great attitudes," she said. "And they have just so much to offer to our country."
Sen. Richard Burr of North Carolina, the panel's top Republican, said veterans "can't be that valuable to this country and not that valuable to American business."
"We've just got to find a way to highlight that to corporate America," he said.
Tough transition
Many in Congress have long sympathized with returning veterans who have difficulty transferring their skills to civilian jobs, often because it's difficult for them to get the necessary certifications, even if their skills are similar.
Clemente, a naturalized U.S. citizen who's a native of the Philippines, served seven years and was honorably discharged in 2005 after serving in Iraq. He enlisted in the Navy as a hospital corpsman and worked at a naval hospital in Japan, but he said he could not find a comparable job.
"My certification, my experience in the military, faces a difficult challenge of transferring over to the civilian side," he said.
In 2007, Clemente enrolled in Bellevue College, where he helped form a group that supports other veterans. After graduating this year, he now has a job as a medical assistant.
"I'd like to one day practice medicine and help veterans and foreign immigrants ... in Washington state," he told the senators.
Training to be a civilian
Murray said the federal government needs to step up its training for veterans. In June, the committee passed a bill she introduced called the Hiring Heroes Act of 2011, which for the first time would require the government to provide job-skills training for all service members before they return home.
"We take a lot of time to train our military to be in the military, but we take no time to train them to be a civilian again," Murray said. She added that it would make financial sense for the government to do more training to ensure that more veterans land jobs as soon as possible.
"The Army alone last year paid almost a billion dollars in unemployment insurance," Murray said. "We're paying that cost already. If we would think like a business, we would say, 'How do we reduce that cost?' "
Brad Smith, Microsoft's general counsel and executive vice president for legal and corporate affairs, said the Redmond company plans to team with the U.S. Department of Labor to offer 10,000 technology training and certification packages to veterans. It's an expansion of Microsoft's existing efforts, increasing its spending on veterans-related training programs to $12 million.
"Great employees"
"If there's one thing that we at Microsoft know ... it's that veterans make great employees," Smith said. "They're smart, they're talented, they're dedicated, they work well as individuals and they work well in teams. And that's an amazing set of attributes."
The federal government has been increasing its hiring of veterans, as well. It hired 2,000 more veterans in 2010 than in 2009, according to the most recent figures available from the White House.
Rob Hotakainen: 202-383-0009
(c) McClatchy Newspapers 2011
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