5-2-2019 Op January 30 2019, stuurden burgemeesters, parlementariërs, en beleidsspecialisten uit veertig landen een open brief; de 'Basel Appeal for Disarmament and Sustainable Security', naar de presidenten Putin en Trump en andere wereldleiders. De brief roept op, om gemaakte afspraken te bewaken en om een nieuwe nucleaire wapenwedloop te voorkomen en, tot support bij wereldwijde nucleaire ontwapening.
The Basel Appeal for Disarmament and Sustainable Security letter, calls to preserve the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, prevent a new nuclear arms race in Europe, reduce the risk of nuclear conflicts and support global nuclear disarmament.
We are extremely concerned about the deteriorating security environment in Europe and internationally which led the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists to last week re-set the Doomsday Clock at 2 Minutes to Midnight,' says Christine Muttonen (Austria), Co-President of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament.
'Conflicts over the INF Treaty should be resolved through the Treaty, not by abandoning it. And other conflicts should be resolved through diplomacy and common security mechanisms such as the United Nations and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE),' said Ms Muttonen, who recently served as the President of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly. 'They cannot be resolved by elevating nuclear threats and ratchetting up the arms race.'
The appeal was drafted and adopted at a regional meeting of parliamentarians, city leaders and disarmament experts held in Basel on January 15, 2019.
'Mayors and parliamentarians, especially those of us from Europe, will not sit idly on the side while the US and Russia erode our security,' said Thore Vestby (Norway), Vice-President of Mayors for Peace, former member of the Norwegian parliament and a speaker at the Basel meeting.
'Cities and parliaments are therefore taking action to support nuclear arms control treaties such as the INF and START treaties, promote additional measures such as no-first-use and the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, and to put an end to city and state investments in nuclear weapons corporations.'
'Legislators in nuclear armed States have a specific role to prevent authorization and funding for new more sophisticated and usable nuclear weapons that increase the risk of destruction of humanity by accident, miscalculation or intent,' said Paul Quiles (France), Mayor of Cordes sur Ciel, President of Initiatives pour le Désarmement Nucléaire (IDN), and Former Defence Minister of France.
'The fact that the President of the US Conference of Mayors is among 18 US mayors who endorsed on short notice is a significant indicator that 'Main Street USA' opposes the Administration's destabilizing and expensive nuclear weapons program and supports proactive efforts to achieve a nuclear-weapon-free world'' said Frank Cownie, Mayor of Des Moines, Iowa and Vice-President of Mayors for Peace.
'We do not want to see the dark days of Cold War conflagrations of the 1980s return to Europe. All effort is required to maintain a productive nuclear weapons disarmament regime so that we don't see the return of nuclear weapons across the continent, '' said Councillor David Blackburn, Chair of UK & Ireland Nuclear Free Local Authorities. ' I urge the United States and Russia to go back to the diplomatic table and not seek to build a new generation of dangerous nuclear weapons.'
'Nuclear weapons and climate change pose an existential threat to current and future generations,' says Dr Andreas Nidecker MD (Switzerland), President of the Basel Peace Office. 'The massive amount of spending in nuclear weapons - over $100 billion per year - should instead be spent in areas which increase our security - such as diplomacy, climate protection and the Sustainable Development Goals.'
'Diplomacy is starting to work on the Korean peninsula with North and South building cultural, sporting and other contacts despite their political differences,' said Alyn Ware (Czech Republic/New Zealand), PNND Global Coordinator and Member of the World Future Council. 'We give full support to the Korean peace and denuclearization process and we call on US, NATO and Russia to follow a similar diplomatic approach with regard to their conflicts, and to help achieve global nuclear disarmament.'
Bron: Basel Peace Office